Microsoft Excel – Tips & Tricks
Excel is one of Microsoft’s most useful business tools, but it can be difficult to master.StoneHouse Logic has compiled the most useful Excel tips to ensure you're getting the most from your software. You don't need to be a spreadsheet wiz to use these tips, you don't even have to understand Excel's formulas. But this series of hints can help you cut down on keystrokes and errors.
Utilising the Clipboard The clipboard can be very useful when using Excel, as you often need to copy and paste between sheets or workbooks. The Clipboard can make this much easier as it enables you to handle multiple clipboard items at the same time. On the Home tab of the ribbon, click the arrow button to the bottom right of the Clipboard group to toggle it open or closed.Update calculations manually Excel will perform calculations in real time by default, updating each value as the data changes. However, with more complex spreadsheets, automatic calculation can cause a significant lag. You can disable this feature by setting the “Calculations Option” to manual in the Formulas tab of the Ribbon. In this instance the calculation will refresh on the command of [F9].
Lock Copy Formatting Formatting can be time consuming, especially when importing information from several locations. If you need to apply the same formatting to a number of different cells, you can do so quickly by locking the Copy Formatting tool. Set the format you require first, and then select this cell, double-click the 'Format Painter' button in the Clipboard group of the Home tab, and now any cell that you click into will take on the formatting of the source cell. Simply double-click the 'Format Painter' again to turn the lock off.Customise the Quick Access The Quick Access Toolbar appears in the top left-hand corner of the Excel window in Excel 2007 and 2010. You can customise what appears here, for a more efficient work-flow. Click the 'Office' button followed by 'Excel Options' and 'Customize' in Excel 2007. In Excel 2010, choose “File > Options > Quick Access Toolbar”. Select a tool that you want to add in the left-hand column and click 'Add'.
Move the Quick Access Toolbar When you're customising the Quick Access Toolbar, you can opt to have it displayed at the bottom of the ribbon instead of at the top of the window. This means you won't have to move the mouse pointer as far to access each tool in the Quick Access Toolbar. Tick the box marked 'Show Quick Access Toolbar below the Ribbon' in the 'Customise Quick Access Toolbar' dialog. You can opt to apply your customisations to the current file or to all Excel files.Copy as a Picture Want to use a spreadsheet from excel in a word document? Do so by importing as an image as opposed to struggle re-formatting in the new document. You will not be able to edit the information, but it can be more aesthetically pleasing in its new home. To do so select the chart or cell range required and click the downward arrow below “Paste” and select “Copy as Picture”. You can now paste the image file wherever it is required.
Error Checking Formula error checking is very useful and can help resolve otherwise unsolved inconsistencies within a spreadsheet. However, there are times when you might need to leave out a few cells in a particular region and Excel will flag the error. You can get rid of this annoyance by turning off the error check. Go to “Excel Options > Formulas” and clear any of the error-checking rules that you need to turn off.Create Custom Auto-Fills Auto-Fill is designed to help complete columns or rows of sequential data. To utilise this tool, simply enter the first two values in the initial cells to establish a pattern, then select the cells and drag the fill handle to extend the data. In addition to this, you can add your own custom lists by choosing “File > Options” and select “New List” and click in the “List Entries” column. Type each entry in the list, and click 'Add' to finish.
Auto-Correct Hacks You can save time typing by entering shortcuts for commonly used terms in Autocorrect. In “Excel Options”, choose “Proofing > Autocorrect Options”. On the Autocorrect tab, enter the shortcut you want to type, followed by the phrase you want to automatically replace it with. Make sure your shortcut isn't a number or letter combination that you're likely to use in your spreadsheets as it will be replaced automatically each time you type it.Create Keyboard Shortcuts Press the [Alt] key and you'll be able to see all of the keyboard shortcuts that are available for each visible tab on the ribbon. Press the key that's related to that tab to go to it, and to see a map of the keyboard shortcuts for that tab. This is very handy as you can use it to remind you of the available keyboard shortcuts whenever you want to use them, saving you time and effort and maximising your efficiency as you work.
One guaranteed way to mess up a worksheet is to enter the wrong kind of data in a cell—for example, text instead of numbers, or a decimal instead of a whole number. Excel has a handy tool to help prevent entering the wrong type of data. The Data Validation feature. In a table, select the cells that should only contain one kind of data. On the Table Tools tab, click Data Validation and specify the kind of data that can go into the cells.
Freezing the Top Row of an Excel Worksheet
It is helpful to freeze the top row of your Excel document in order to view the column headings without scrolling to the top of the document.
1. Click somewhere in your data.
2. From the View tab, select Freeze Panes.
3. If you want to freeze the panes above a certain cell of your document, click Freeze Panes. OR If you want to freeze the top row of the document, click Freeze Top Row.